InfluxDB Docs

Query using conditional logic

Flux provides if, then, and else conditional expressions that allow for powerful and flexible Flux queries.

If you’re just getting started with Flux queries, check out the following:

Conditional expression syntax
// Pattern
if <condition> then <action> else <alternative-action>

// Example
if color == "green" then "008000" else "ffffff"

Conditional expressions are most useful in the following contexts:

  • When defining variables.
  • When using functions that operate on a single row at a time ( filter(), map(), reduce() ).

Examples

Conditionally set the value of a variable

The following example sets the overdue variable based on the dueDate variable’s relation to now().

dueDate = 2019-05-01
overdue = if dueDate < now() then true else false

Create conditional filters

The following example uses an example metric dashboard variable to change how the query filters data. metric has three possible values:

  • Memory
  • CPU
  • Disk

    from(bucket: "example-bucket")
    |> range(start: -1h)
    |> filter(fn: (r) =>
      if v.metric == "Memory"
        then r._measurement == "mem" and r._field == "used_percent"
      else if v.metric == "CPU"
        then r._measurement == "cpu" and r._field == "usage_user"
      else if v.metric == "Disk"
        then r._measurement == "disk" and r._field == "used_percent"
      else r._measurement != ""
    )
    

Conditionally transform column values with map()

The following example uses the map() function to conditionally transform column values. It sets the level column to a specific string based on _value column.

from(bucket: "example-bucket")
  |> range(start: -5m)
  |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "mem" and r._field == "used_percent" )
  |> map(fn: (r) => ({
    r with
    level:
      if r._value >= 95.0000001 and r._value <= 100.0 then "critical"
      else if r._value >= 85.0000001 and r._value <= 95.0 then "warning"
      else if r._value >= 70.0000001 and r._value <= 85.0 then "high"
      else "normal"
    })
  )
from(bucket: "example-bucket")
  |> range(start: -5m)
  |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "mem" and r._field == "used_percent" )
  |> map(fn: (r) => ({
    // Retain all existing columns in the mapped row
    r with
    // Set the level column value based on the _value column
    level:
      if r._value >= 95.0000001 and r._value <= 100.0 then "critical"
      else if r._value >= 85.0000001 and r._value <= 95.0 then "warning"
      else if r._value >= 70.0000001 and r._value <= 85.0 then "high"
      else "normal"
    })
  )

Conditionally increment a count with reduce()

The following example uses the aggregateWindow() and reduce() functions to count the number of records in every five minute window that exceed a defined threshold.

threshold = 65.0

data = from(bucket: "example-bucket")
  |> range(start: -1h)
  |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "mem" and r._field == "used_percent" )
  |> aggregateWindow(
      every: 5m,
      fn: (column, tables=<-) => tables |> reduce(
            identity: {above_threshold_count: 0.0},
            fn: (r, accumulator) => ({
              above_threshold_count:
                if r._value >= threshold then accumulator.above_threshold_count + 1.0
                else accumulator.above_threshold_count + 0.0
            })
        )
    )
threshold = 65.0

from(bucket: "example-bucket")
  |> range(start: -1h)
  |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "mem" and r._field == "used_percent" )
  // Aggregate data into 5 minute windows using a custom reduce() function
  |> aggregateWindow(
      every: 5m,
      // Use a custom function in the fn parameter.
      // The aggregateWindow fn parameter requires 'column' and 'tables' parameters.
      fn: (column, tables=<-) => tables |> reduce(
            identity: {above_threshold_count: 0.0},
            fn: (r, accumulator) => ({
              // Conditionally increment above_threshold_count if
              // r.value exceeds the threshold
              above_threshold_count:
                if r._value >= threshold then accumulator.above_threshold_count + 1.0
                else accumulator.above_threshold_count + 0.0
            })
        )
    )